pendulum analogy

z-plane

digital cf

digital differentiator

z-plane revisited

comb filters - multiple delay elements

digital integrator

exponential fourier series

fourier transform

impulse sampling

decimation

sample-and-hold

track-and-hold

interpolation

k-path sampling

S/H implementation

S/H with gain

discrete analog integrator

lowpass filters

active-rc integrators

mosfet-c integrators

transconductor-c integrators

discrete-time integrators

bilinear xfer function

biquadratic xfer function

ideal DAC & ADC

number representation

counters

lowpass

bandpass

highpass

interpolation

decimation

FIR filters

stability, overflow

bilinear xfer function

biquadratic xfer function

QN spectrum w/ simulations

QN voltage spectral density

clock jitter

spectral density

averaging

linearity

noise dither

jitter

anti-aliasing filter

intro

signal/noise ratio

decimation/filtering

offset, matching, linearity

2nd-order passive noise shaping

noise shaping w/ switched caps

k-paths

linearity & active circuits

modulation noise

quantization noise

output decimation/filtering

dc input pattern noise

integration & fwd modulator gain

comparator gain/offset/noise/hyst

op-amp gain (integrator leakage)

op-amp settling time

op-amp offset

op-amp input-referred noise

practical implementation

modulator topology

integrator gain

integrator gain selection

higher-order modulators

nth-order output filtering

high-order, single-stage modulators

multi-bit modulators

error feedback

cascaded modulators

passive-component modulators

active-component modulators

rf-conversion modulators

resonators

2nd-order modulators

4th-order modulators

digital i/q extraction to baseband

clock signals

implementation

filtering

analysis

clock signals revisited

clock signal generation

components

ADC

implementation

filtering

analysis

clock signals revisited

clock signal generation

components

ADC